After the development of the vacuum flask to store subzero liquid elements, such as nitrogen, oxygen and hydrogen the use of cryotherapy dramatically increased. By the 1940’s , liquid nitrogen became more readily available , and the most common method of application was by means of a cotton applicator. In 1961 , Cooper and Lee introduced a closed-system apparatus to spray liquid nitrogen. In the late 1960’s , metal probes became available. By 1995 Whole Body Cryotherapy became a standard procedure in Departments of
Pulmonary Medicine in Russia. Liquid nitrogen is the best and universal freezing source because of its low boiling point and its ease of use. Other sources that are used to freeze, such as Freon , carbon dioxide , and nitrous oxide, do exist, but they are not as efficient because of their higher boiling points. The proper choice of equipment for cryotherapeutical treatment – is the main reason for good medical and commercial success. The temperature in cryosauna should be more than -130°C. Utilization experience shows, that this requirement is met only in cryosaunas using liquid nitrogen as a cooling source. The gas cooling before it’s supplying into the procedure cabin causes its saturation (enrichment) of nitrogen vapors, therefore the patient should be protected with different means against breathing such air. The most reliable and safe equipment for cryogenic treatment is cryosauna KRION, where patient is immersed in cryogenic gas up to the shoulders. The area above the cabin is ventilated, so the patient breathes pure air. The cabin has elevator for low height patients.
Whole Body Cryotherapy is a cutting-edge treatment that optimizes the human body’s natural ability to maintain peak performance and appearance. Whole Body Cryotherapy entails entering a cryosauna and having your whole body – neck to toes – surrounded in nitrogen-cooled air reaching extremely low temperatures (-130°C to -190° C) over a short duration of time (2-3 minutes). Big chill therapy is recognized as a standard of care for rheumatoid arthritis, weight challenges, skin diseases and immunity deficiencies. Cryotherapy usage evolved from the medical care market. Many Olympians endorse Cryotherapy. These elite athletes recognize Cryotherapy as a treatment that helps give them an edge on their opponents by increasing the rate of healing and recovery.WBC is the combination of recent achievements in physics and refers to technologies of 21st century. Scientific researches defined the mechanism of stimulating effect on human body. Cryogenic equipment produced according to the modern idea of medical effect of low temperatures, provides high positive results of low temperatures treatment and minimum discomfort for patient.The reason for its popularity is that during the procedure endorphins are released into the blood, providing a euphoric feeling and mood improvement .In comparison same effect can be reached after 1,5 – 2 hours of intensive physical exercises . Safe and short effect is so great, that even hangover after 2 – 3 minutes in cryosauna and hard “morning” disease goes away. The main therapeutic effect is that the body mobilizes under cooling. The immunity increases, the aches go away, the skin metabolism activates. The treatment gives great cosmetic effect, particularly in cellulites and overweight treatment..
Whole Body Cryotherapy process triggers the enrichment (with hormones, enzymes, oxygen) of blood and circulation to the internal organs under higher blood pressure. When the cryotherapy session is completed, the body undergoes rapid vasodilation as the higher internal blood pressure drives the enriched blood back to the peripherals. The body has also released endorphins into the blood, providing a euphoric feeling and mood improvement. Since cryotherapy does not freeze tissue and muscles, the body can immediately return to exercise mode. A fundamental possibility to use cryotherapy in sport is generally recognized, but there are no worked through methods and no established use directions of this new treatment in practice. Partly that situation can be explained by the fact, that cryosaunas were very expensive and the worse fact – they were stationary. The second important reason is that the effects described in literature, not always coincide with practice. It is concerned with absence of clear idea about the technology and physical mechanism of cryotherapy. By the description of the process, main attention was drawn to the inessential factors and vice versa important treatment factors were missed. In addition to it the majority of settings for the cryotherapy don’t ensure the temperature stability in treatment room, because of errors in the construction and deficient installed power. It means that it doesn’t provide main treatment condition – efficiency and we can only guess if cryotherapy in such state was effective
Cryotherapy is used widely in cosmetology : cryomassage , cryosprayer or cryodestructor, but only in cryosauna the whole skin surface is cooled with the low temperature from -130°C to -190 °C ( -202°F to -310°F ). The treatment in cryosauna excludes micro traumas, which inevitably appears by other methods of cryomassage.Cryosauna is used for hypothermic stimulation and for the heat regulation system training. Whole Body Cryotherapy effects :
Cryotherapy is the whole body or localized use of extremely cold. The cryotherapy process decreases cellular metabolism, increases cellular survival, decreases inflammation, decreases pain and spasm, and promotes vasoconstriction and vasodilatation, which leads to increased levels of oxygenated blood delivered to damaged tissue. In the cold temperatures, the blood vessels quickly constrict forming a protective layer while the core body temperature is maintained. The process naturally stimulates blood circulation as the body’s hormone, immune, and nervous systems are activated. Benefits of cryotherapy treatment have been widely publicized
The list of indications for cryotherapy is almost endless and is limited only by the specialization of medical institution, which use the complex. In fact, despite the variety of known diseases, almost all of them are caused by immune system or metabolism disorders . Wide range of positive cryotherapy effects is confirmed by many recent published scientific researches . For example, Prof. A. Baranov points out the following fields of applied medicine: pulmonology, gynecology, combustiology (burns treatment), general surgery (proctology and traumatology), gastroenterology, neuropathology and (osteochondrosis) vertebrology, cosmetology and sports medicine.